Happy Independence Day!
As America celebrates her 243th birthday, families and friends are coming together to enjoy hot dogs, hamburgers, patriotic fireworks, parades, and generally speaking, all things patriotic.
In America’s early days, however, such was not the case. A long-standing argument brewed among the Founders as to which day should be “Independence Day:” July 2, when the Declaration of Independence was proposed; or July 4, when the history-making document was signed.
The idea to mark the importance of Independence Day at all got a big boost after the victory of the War of 1812 when the Federalist Party and Democratic-Republicans political parties started having their own separate celebration. These events grew in popularity as major celebrations for people, and were celebrated by hosting all-day events featuring bonfires, concerts, parades and public canon firings – taking place on either July 2nd or the 4th.
It was a little more than a decade later – exactly fifty years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence – when Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both died on July 4, 1826 – that the argument was settled once and for all.
It took Congress another 44 years to make Independence Day a federal holiday in 1870, and another 71 years for Congress to expand the grant to include people getting paid for their day off.
Nowadays, Independence Day – often called the Fourth of July – is a booming industry. Americans will enjoy over 150 million hot dogs, 700 million pounds of chicken, and watch some 61,000 fireworks displays costing over $1 billion.
Tennessee and the Revolutionary War
Here in Tennessee, the Battle of Long Island Flats was fought in modern-day Kingsport. This fight was between settlers, who had moved further south to escape British rule and Cherokee Warriors. The settlers defeated the Cherokees in the battle.
While no major Revolutionary War battles took place here, hundreds of skirmishes did. When the war came to an end, many soldiers received land grants in Tennessee.
The Volunteer State – a title earned for the many men who answered the call to serve in the War of 1812 – has a proud history of service to the protection and betterment of the United States.
To date, three Presidents hail from Tennessee: Andrew Jackson 1829-1837, James K. Polk: 1845-1849 and Andrew Johnson 1865-1869.
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Zachery Schmidt is the digital editor of Battleground State News.